Cluster frontline demonstration is a unique approach by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research on Oilseed and Pulse crops to provide a direct interface between scientists and farmers where farmers are guided by the KVK scientists during demonstrations in implementation of improved technologies like seed treatment, IPM, INM, land preparation etc . Demonstrated fields are regularly monitored by the scientists. Cluster Frontline Demonstration project started since 2015-16 under NFSM and NMOOP.
India is the largest producer of pulses and pulses are major protein supplements in the food. The major pulse crops grown in India are Redgram, Bengalgram, Greengram and Blackgram.
Field day of Green gram in KVK Jammikunta
Salient features of CFLD pulses:
The main objective of Cluster Front-Line Demonstrations is to demonstrate newly released crop production and protection technologies and its management practices in the farmer's field under different agro-climatic regions and farming situations. While demonstrating the technologies in the farmersâ field, the scientist study the factors contributing higher crop production, field constraints of production.
- Cluster Frontline Demonstrations are conducted under the close supervision of the scientists of the KVKs of ICAR Institute and State Agricultural Universities.
- Only newly released technologies or those likely to be released in near future are selected for the Cluster Front-Line Demonstrations.
- Only critical inputs are provided from the scheme budget, remaining inputs are supplied by the farmers themselves.
Cluster Front-Line Demonstrations are used as a source of generating data on factors contributing higher crop yields and constraints of production under various farming situation.
- The demonstrations of each pulse crop should be organized in cluster approach (at least 10 ha. in each cluster).
- KVK should provide seed as one of the critical inputs to farmers for organization of demonstrations
- The High Yielding Varieties of pulse crops to be included in the demonstrations should not be older than 10 years.
- More focus should be given to organize demonstration on pulses in rice fallow areas in eastern India.
- Under C-FLDs, full package kit like seed, INM, IPM material should be given to farmers at the time of sowing.
There by generate production data and feedback information.
Cluster Frontline Demonstrations on Pulses
- Under ATARI Hyderabad CFLD Pulses Programme was implemented through Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK's) in 3 States Andhra Pradesh Telangana and Maharashtra up to (2015-16 to 2016-17 ) and since 2017-18 in the states of Andhra Pradesh Telangana and Tamil Nadu and Union Territory of Puducherry .
- A total of (Area In 10543.2 ha) and 24729 No of demonstrations have been conducted since inception in Kharif, Rabi and summer seasons.
- In 2015-16 ( 1069.2ha area in 2586 Demonstrations ), ( 3884 ha in 8975demonstrations in 2016-17 ) (2730ha in 6295 demonstrations in 2017-18) (2880 ha in 6923 demonstrations in 2018-19)respectively .
State wise KVKs involved in implementing of programme are 21 in Andhra Pradesh 15 in Telangana, 41 in Maharashtra ,27 in Tamil Nadu and 1 Kvk in puducherry.
Achievements during 2015-16
During the year 2015-16 An extent of 1092 hectares area with 2730 demonstrations ,Accordingly, a total of 2586 FLD's covering an area of 1069.2 hectares were organized by 73 KVKs in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra states. The crops covered are chickpea, pigeon pea, black gram and green gram.
The results in pigeon pea showed that an average yield of 12.75 q/ha was obtained in the demonstration with an highest yield of 17.5 q/ha. In Telangana, green gram the highest yield recorded in the demonstration is15.0 q/ha in Khammam district followed by13.25 q/ha Cluster demonstrations on blackgram during rabi 2015-16 were conducted at 11 locations by KVKs in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh states with improved varieties and package of practices. The average yields, of the demonstration ranged from 8.8-12.3q/ha under rainfed residual moisture situation. Under irrigated condition, the average yield of 17.12q/ha was obtained in Guntur district. In Adilabad, in Bengal gram demonstration organized in black soils with sprinkler irrigation gave an average yield of 23.75 q/ha with highest yield of 30 q/ha. In Kurnool district of Andhra Pradesh the average yields recorded under irrigated condition is18.17q/ha.
Achievements during 2016-17
A total of 4030ha area was allotted to Zone-Vcomprising A.P,Telangana,and Maharashtra states in which 3884 ha programme was implemented by organizing 8975 demonstrations on pigeonpea, chickpea, blackgram and greengram crops in the above three states with an achievement of 96.37.
In Black gram the higher average yield of demo plot 10.8 q/ha was obtained against check yield of 6.6 q/ha with an increase of 69.52 percent. In Andhra pradesh The results revealed that improved variety TBG-104 increased the yield of blackgram by 55.94 percent. In green gram the WGG-42 variety resulted in Average yield of 11.4q/ha when compared with check it yields 8.2q/ha. In Andhra pradesh Red gram improved practices resulted in average yield of 13.7q/ha with demo plot and with check plot it was 10.1q/ha. In Telangana improved variety PRG-176 recorded an average yield of 17q/ha with demo and with check 12q/ha.
In Maharashtra CFLD's of Bengalgram revealed that the improved variety Digvijay improves the yield of 43.76 percent.with an average yield of 18.9q/ha with demo plot 12.6 q/ha with check
Achievements in 2017-18
A total of 2750 ha area was allotted to this zone in which 2730.6 ha programme was implemented by organizing 6295 No of demonstrations on pigeon pea, chick pea, black gram and green gram crops in the above Andhra Pradesh Telangana and Tamil Nadu states with an achievement of 99.29% .
In Black gram VBN 6 recorded an increase of about 19% in Theni and Erode district. During the rabi season, VBN 8 recorded an average yield of 9q/ha showing an increase of about 30% over the check which recorded an average yield of 7q/ha. In Tamil Nadu Improved cultivar Co 8 in Green gram was demonstrated both during kharif and rabi seasons. During the kharif season this variety recorded an average yield of about 7 q/ha showing an increase of 17% over the check in districts of Dindigul, Erode, Namakkal and Theni while in the rabi reason, the yield recorded by Co 8 was about 9 q/ha as compared to about 7q/ha recorded by check, showing an increase by about 36q/ha. In Red gram new variety WRG 65 recorded an average yield of 15.1q/ha as compared to check whose yield was about 10 q/ha in Warangal and Khammam districts.PRG-176 recorded the highest average yield of 13.3 q/ha with an increase of 42% over check in the rainfed districts of Telangana state. In Bengal gram Improved variety NBeG-3 along with recommended package of practices was demonstrated.The improved variety recorded an average yield of 18q/ha which was about 30% higher over check.
Achievements in 2018-19
During the year 2018-2019 the programme was conducted through 68 KVKâs associated with ICAR-ATARI Zone-X during Kharif, Rabi and Summer seasons in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu. A total of 2900 ha area was allotted to this zone in which 2880 ha programme was implemented by organizing 6923 demonstrations on Red gram, Bengal gram, Black gram and Green gram crops (Table- ) in the above three states with an achievement of 99%.
In black gram the varieties demonstrated were TBG 104 and PU-31 The technology demonstrated included improved variety, seed management, integrated pest and disease management apart from integrated crop management. During the Kharif TBG 104 recorded average yield of 18.7 q/ha with an increase of 23%over check and the same variety recorded highest yield of 23.5 q/ha in the districts of West Godavari and 20q/ha.
In green gram Improved variety WGG 42 was demonstrated during kharif season, recorded an highest yield of 17.5 q/ha, at west Godavari with an increase of about 40%,over check, During the rabi season, WGG-42 was demonstrated, which recorded an increase yield of about 37% over the local check in the districts of West Godavari and Chittoor.
In Redgram LRG 52 recorded an average increase in yield of about 48% over local check with an average yield of about 6.9 q/ha, PRG 176 recorded an average yield of about 11.1 q/ha with an increase of 42 % over local check
In Bengalgram an average yield of about 10.7q/ha with an increase of 9% over local check and with an highest yield in yagantipalli 17.5 q/ha. NBeG-3 Variety recorded an average yield of 18.7 q/ha in Kurnool and Guntur districts.
Varieties Demonstrated in Different Crops
|State||Red gram||Green gram||Black gram||Bengal gram|
|Telangana||LRG-41, LRG-52, PRG-176, ICPH-2740||LGG-460, IPM-2-14 WGG-42,||LBG-752, PU-31, TBG-104||NBeG-3, NBeG-49|
|Andhra Pradesh||PRG-176, LRG-41||MGG-295, MGG-347,WGG-42||LBG-752, LBG-787, PU-31||NBeG-3|
|Maharashtra||BDN-711||BM 2003-2, Utkarsh||AKU-15||BDNG-797|
|Tamil Nadu||Co Rg-7, Co-8,||Co-8, VBN-3||VBN-8, BN-6, Co-6||Co-4, NBeG-3, NBeG-47, NBeG-49, NS-1|
State wise Achievements from 2015-16 to 2018-19
|State||Total Area||Total No.of Demos|
List of KVKs Participating in CFLD Pulses
|ATARI, Hyderabad, Zone-10|
|Telangana||Andhra Pradesh||Tamil Nadu|
|2||Karimnagar (Jammikunta)||2||Anantapur (Kalyandurg)||2||Coimbatore|
|3||Karimnagar (Ramgirikilla)||3||Chittoor (Kalikiri)||3||Cuddalore|
|5||Khammam-2||5||East Godavari (Pandirimamidi)||5||Dindigul|
|6||Mahabubnagar (YFA)||6||Guntur (Lam)||6||Erode|
|7||Mahabubnagar (Palem)||7||Kadapa (Utukur)||7||Kancheepuram|
|10||Nalgonda (Gaddipalli)||10||Krishna (Ghantasala)||10||Madurai|
|11||Nalgonda (Kampasagar)||11||Kurnool (Banavasi)||11||Nagapattinam|
|20||West Godavari (Undi)||20||Tiruvarur|
|21||West Godavari (Vrgudem)||21||Trichy|