कृषि प्रौद्योगिकी अनुप्रयोग अनुसंधान संस्थान
Agricultural Technology
Application Research Institute

ICAR-ATARI, ZONE-X, HYDERABAD

Project Description

Agriculture need to be made more profitable to create interest and confidence among rural youth and retain them in agriculture. Rural youth are migrating to urban areas in search of jobs and on the other hand, small holdings are on the rise which poses challenge to food security for increasing population. A comprehensive model for the development of rural youth,particularly agricultural youth, was developed by ICAR to ensure food security of the country and initiated a programme on "Attracting and Retaining of Youth in Agriculture (ARYA)".

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Millet based bakery products unit established for rural youth by KVK- Nalgonda

Objectives

  1. To attract and empower the youth in rural areas to take up various agriculture, allied and service sector enterprises for sustainable income and gainful employment in selected districts.
  2. To enable the farm youth to establish network groups to take up resource and capital intensive activities like processing, value addition and marketing.
  3. To demonstrate functional linkage with different institutions and stakeholders for convergence of opportunities available under various schemes/program for sustainable development of youth.

The ARYA Project was implemented by ATARI Hyderabad (the then Zonal Project Directorate, Zone V) during March 2015 with three KVKs viz., Nellore in Andhra Pradesh, Nalgonda (Kampasagar) in Telangana and Nagpur in Maharashtra. During 2017-18, when the ATARIs were re-organized, KVK-Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu was added in place of KVK-Nagpur.During March 2018, the project was sanctioned to seven additional KVKs. The state wise number of KVKs implementing ARYA Project during 2019-20 are, three in Andhra Pradesh (KVK-Nellore, KVK-Kadapa (Utkur) and KVK-West Godavari (VR Gudem)), two in Telangana (KVK-Nalgonda (Kampasagar) and KVK-Warrangal (Malyal)), four in Tamil Nadu (KVK-Kanyakumari, KVK-Dharmapuri, KVK-Sivaganga and KVK-Erode) and one in Puducherry (KVK-Puducherry).

Achievements 2019-20

Name of KVK 2018-19 2019-20
No.of Trainings No. of Youth benefitted No.of Trainings No. of Youth benefitted
Andhra Pradesh
Nellore 7 267 24 1047
West Godavari (VR Gudem) 3 150 12 350
Kadapa 6 183 6 183
Total(AP) 16 600 42 1580
Telangana
Nalgonda (Kampasagar) 5 160 22 889
Malyal 5 150 5 150
Total(TS) 10 310 27 1039
Tamil Nadu
Dharmapuri 5 150 5 150
Shivagangai 12 200 15 270
Kanyakumari 14 194 33 444
Erode 9 277 16 463
Total(TN) 40 821 69 1327
Puducherry
Puducherry 2 50 2 50
Total(PY) 2 50 2 50
Total for the Zone 68 1781 140 3996

Achievements 2018-19

Seven more KVKs in the zone viz., West Godavari (V R Gudem), Kadapa, Warangal (Malyal), Dharmapuri, Shivagangai, Erode and Puducherry were added during March 2019 making the total number of ARYA KVKs to ten.KVK- Nellore established 55 enterprise units of mushroom production, vermicompost production and vegetable and fruit nurseries benefitting 115 rural youth. “Sri Prakash youth nursery” established by a group of five rural youth in Anantavaramuvillage produced seedlings of chilli, brinjal and tomato and earned a net profit of Rs.1,58,000 in thirty days. Madhavi, a rural youth produced mushroom in Venkateswarapuram village and earned Rs.1,26,400in a year. Forty three enterprise units related to vermicomposting, bakery unit and vegetable nurseries were established in Nalgonda district benefitting 91 rural youth. Two enterprises comprising of four value added products viz., banana fibre extraction and value addition, banana dehydration and flour making, value added products from pseudostem and flower and novel bakery products from banana, tender coconut snow ball and coconut trimming, desiccated coconut, coconut jelly and confectionery products and Novel bakery products from coconut were established 50 youth under each enterprise by KVK-Kanyakumari. The members of the groups have been provided with complete knowledge and skill on processing, value addition and marketing of banana through capacity building programmes involving small scale farmers and aspiring entrepreneurs of Kanyakumari district. They were also taken on exposure visits to various existing enterprise units for motivating them and to learn the techniques of running the units successfully. KVK, Nellore organized three skill training programmes on vermicomposting, raising of fruit and vegetable nursery, construction of shade nets and portray nursery technology and mushroom production benefitting 361 rural youth. KVK Nalgonda organized four skill training programmes related to bakery, IFS, vermicomposting and vegetable nursery production under shadenet involving 125 rural youth of the district. KVK-Kanyakuamri conducted five skill training programmes on value addition to banana fibre, banana fibre extraction and value addition to banana pseudostem, flower and value addition to coconut benefitting 77 rural youth.

Establishment of enterprise units by ARYA KVKs during 2018-19

State Name of KVK Name of enterprise established No. of units established No. of youth benefitted
Andhra Pradesh Nellore Vegetable and fruit nurseries 20 45
    Vermicompost 20 40
    Mushroom units 15 30
Telangana Nalgonda (Kampasagar) Vegetable nursery unit 7 35
    Vermicompost units 34 34
    Bakery units 2 22
Total 98 206

Skill Training programmes organized to rural youth by ARYA KVKs

State Name of KVK Training programme organized No. of youth trained
Andhra Pradesh Nellore Vermicompost production (three programmes) 96
    Raising of Fruits and Vegetable nursery under shade net (construction methodology of shade net, seed treatment methods in vegetables, method of sowing and cultural operations, nutrient management, plant protection measures) 116
    Mushroom production (four programmes) 149
Telangana Nalgonda (Kampasagar) Commercial nursery raising of vegetables under shade net houses 35
    Bakery products 30
    Vermi compost production 30
    Integrated farming system 30
Tamil Nadu Kanyakumari Novel bakery products-confectionary at Department of Catering Science and Hospitality Management, Immanuel Arasar College of Technology and Management, Nattalam 26
    Novel bakery products-confectionary at RSETI, IOB , Nagercoil 9
    Value added products from coconut 14
    Value added products from banana flour 11
    Value added products from banana Pseudostem and banana flower at Nanjil Food Products, Pilacode 17
    Exposure visit to Banana fibre handicraft cottage level unit, Kolvel 19
    Exposure visit to Banana processing unit, Kaattupudur, Poothapandi block and KIDDS, Kuzhithurai 20
    Exposure visit to Confectionary processing unit, Nesavalar Colony, Nagercoil 11
    Total 613

Achievements 2017-18

KVK, Nellore established 60 enterprise units of mushroom production, vermicompost production and production of vegetable and fruit nurseries benefitting 203 rural youth. “Sri Gayatri nursery” established by a group of six rural youth in Kalikivay village of the district produced seedlings of acid lime and sweet orange and earned a net profit of Rs.2,53,000 in six months. Two groups of youth established mushroom production units in Purandarapuram village that produced milky and oyster mushrooms earned Rs.35000 in a year. Eighteen enterprise units of vermicomposting, IFSand vegetable nurseries were established in Nalgonda district benefitting 23 rural youth. Four commodity groups for banana fibre extraction and value addition, banana dehydration and flour making, value added products from pseudostem and flower and novel bakery products from banana with 25 farmers each and Four commodity groups on desiccated coconut, coconut jelly and confectionery, tender coconut and novel bakery products from coconutwere formed with 25 members in each groupwere formed by KVK Kanyakumari and necessary trainings were imparted with hands on training and exposure visits.Pulveriser, cabinet tray dryer, tender coconut snow ball making machine, coconut trimming machine were installed and FSSAI licensing obtained for the incubation centre at KVK campus.

KVK, Nellore organized four skill training programmes on vermicomposting, raising of fruit and vegetable nursery, construction of shade nets and portray nursery technology and mushroom production benefitting 344 rural youth. KVK-Nalgonda organized four skill training programmes on bakery, IFS, vermicomposting and vegetable nursery production under shade net involving 123 rural youth. KVK, Kanyakuamri conducted three skill training programmes on value addition to banana fibre, banana fibre extraction and value addition to banana pseudostem and flower benefitting 27 rural youth.

Establishment of enterprise units during 2017-18

S.No State Name of KVK Name of enterprise established No. of units established No. of youth benefitted
1 Andhra Pradesh Nellore Vegetable and fruit nurseries 19 64
      Vermicompost 20 64
      Mushroom units 21 75
2 Telangana Nalgonda (Kampasagar) Vegetable nursery unit 1 5
      Vermicompost units 9 10
      IFS units 8 8

Skill Training programmes organized to rural youth during 2017-18

S.No State Name of KVK Training programme organized No. of youth trained
1 Andhra Pradesh Nellore Vermicompost production (3 programmes) 115
      Raising of Fruits and Vegetable nursery under shade net 52
      Training programme on Construction methodology of shade net units and portray nursery technology 20
      Mushroom production (4 programmes) 157
2 Telangana Nalgonda (Kampasagar) Commercial nursery raising of vegetables under shade net houses 30
      Bakery products 33
      Vermicompost production 30
      Integrated farming system 30
3 Tamil Nadu Kanyakumari Banana dehydration and banana flour making in KVK 7
      Banana fibre extraction at Valiyattinmugham, Thiruvattar block 14
      Value added products from banana pseudostem and banana flower at Kodupaikuzhi, Kurunthencode block 6
      Exposure visit to Banana fibre handicraft cottage level unit, Kolvel 14
      Exposure visit to value added products from banana pseudostem and banana flower at Nanjil Food Products 6
      Novel bakery products practical orientation in the Department of Catering Science and Technology, ImmamuelArasar College of Catering Science and Management, Natalam 9

Achievements 2016-17

KVKs trained rural youth on various enterprises like mushroom production, vermicomposting and nurseries and assisted groups of youth in establishing and operating commercial enterprises in their villages. In Andhra Pradesh, KVK, Nellore established 33 enterprise units for mushroom production, vermicomposting and fruit and vegetable nurseries in villages involving 112 rural youth. In Telangana, KVK, Nalgonda (Kampasagar) established 30 enterprise units of IFS, bakery, vegetable nurseries and vermicomposting in rural areas benefitting 122 youth. Skill trainings were imparted to 1250 rural youth. Functional demonstration units were established in KVK premises to give hands on trainings. Critical inputs, both capital and recurring were provided to rural youth (individual or group). Market linkages were established for effective and timely marketing of the produce from the enterprise units.

Establishment of enterprise units during 2016-17

S.No. State Name of KVK Name of enterprise established No. of Units established in villages No. of Youth benefitted
1 Andhra Pradesh Nellore Mushroom production units 10 50
      Vermicompost production units 6 24
      Fruits and Vegetables Nurseries 17 38
2 Telangana Nalgonda (Kampasagar) Integrated Farming Systems 9 10
      Bakery production units 3 33
      Raising of Vegetable nurseries 4 20
      Vermicompost production units 14 21

Skill training and exposure visits organized to rural youth during 2016-17

S.No. State Name of KVK Name of training programme No of youth benefitted
1 Andhra Pradesh Nellore Training on Mushroom cultivation 500
      Training on vermicompost production 50
      Training on fruits and vegetables Nurseries 160
2 Telangana Nalgonda (Kampasagar) Training programme on Entrepreneurship development through Promotion of Integrated Farming System 50
      Training programme on Entrepreneurship development through Bakery Products 55
      Training programme on Entrepreneurship development through Nursery Raising of Vegetables 45
      Training programme on Entrepreneurship development through Vermiculture 50
      Exposure visit on Entrepreneurship development through Promotion of Integrated Farming System 50
      Exposure visit on Entrepreneurship development through Bakery Products 55
      Exposure visit on Entrepreneurship development through Nursery Raising of Vegetables 45
      Exposure visit on Entrepreneurship development through Vermiculture 50
      Entrepreneurship development through Promotion of Integrated Farming System 10
      Entrepreneurship development through Bakery Products 33
      Entrepreneurship development through Nursery Raising of Vegetables 20
      Entrepreneurship development through Vermiculture 21
3 Maharashtra Nagpur Skill training on Development of disease free saplings of pomegranate 69
      Skill training on Vegetable and fruit processing 251
      Skill training on On-spot soil testing 20